Friday, May 22, 2020

Essay on Karl Marx And Marxism - 710 Words

Karl Marx and Marxism nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Karl Marx set the wheels of modern Communism and Socialism in motion with his writings in the late nineteenth century. In collaboration with his friend, Heinrich Engels, he produced the The Communist Manifesto, written in 1848. Many failed countries political and socio-economic structures have been based on Marxs theories, for example the USSR, East Germany etc. Many people believe that Marxism is not applicable to todays society, as Karl Marx put forward his ideas not anticipating the type of society we have today. The welfare state system has effectively nullified Marxs arguments, and made them irrelevant. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Karl Marx, born on May 5, 1818, died on†¦show more content†¦The idea is further explained in the following sentences. The people who do the work in a capitalistic society own none of the means of production, (ie. machines, raw produce etc.) that they use in their work. These are owned by the capitalists, to whom the workers must sell their labour power, or ability to do work, in return for a wage. The capitalists, owning the factories, automatically have ownership rights to everything produced by it, and can do with it what the will. Because of this, the worker is alienated from the product of their labours, having no control over what is made, or what becomes of it. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Karl Marx was very concerned with the class system in Prussia. He was an avid campaigner against a system where one group of people flourish at the expense of another class, in this case the working. He believed that all things should be equal, and that sharing should abound, with no-one person owning everything, all belonging to the state. Marx believed that once most workers recognized their interests and became class conscious, the overthrow of capitalism would proceed as quickly and democratically as the nature of the capitalist opposition allowed. The socialist society that would emerge out of the revolution would develop the full productive potential inherited from capitalism through democratic planning onShow MoreRelatedKarl Marx And Marxism1229 Words   |  5 PagesKarl Marx’s ideology was established to show what would happen if the social classes struggled with each other. Vladimir Lenin however, was more practical in that his ideology carri ed the changes needed to fit into the country itself. Marx anticipated that his concept would come to carry out a more advanced capitalist state because is where he thought the revolution he talked about would take place. Still, Leninism took place in a country that was not as advanced as Mr. Marx would have imagined.Read MoreKarl Marx and Marxism Essay727 Words   |  3 PagesKarl Marx and Marxism Karl Marx set the wheels of modern Communism and Socialism in motion with his writings in the late nineteenth century. In collaboration with his friend, Heinrich Engels, he produced the The Communist Manifesto, written in 1848. Many failed countries political and socio-economic structures have been based on Marxs theories, for example the USSR, East Germany etc. Many people believe that Marxism is not applicable to todays society, as Karl Marx put forward his ideas notRead MoreKarl Marx And The History Of Marxism2056 Words   |  9 Pages Chapter 1: In this chapter I’m going to explain a brief introduction to Karl Marx and the history of Marxism. Karl Marx, who was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist created the theory of Marxism. Marx was born in Trier, Germany in 1818 and died in London in 1883. The social struggles in Marxs’ family were apparent before he was even born, ancestrally Jewish, he came from a long line rabbis on both sides of his family. His father, who was a lawyerRead MoreMarxism : An Idea Developed By Karl Marx2210 Words   |  9 PagesGwyneth Lavery AP Literature Ms. Errico 12 September 2016 Marxism is an idea developed by Karl Marx, a nineteenth-century German philosopher. It explains the political, economic, and social relationship between the working class and those holding the means of production. In literature, Marxist criticism is used to find fault in a story s social hierarchy. Shakespeare’s King Lear takes place in England, presumably sometime in the eighth century. At this point in time, traditional absolute monarchiesRead MoreMarxism And The Marxist Theory Of Karl Marx1300 Words   |  6 PagesIntro – Karl Marx, born 1818, a founder of sociology and famous for writings such as The Communist Manifesto, was an influential ideologist during the 1800’s whose ideas focused on historical materialism and whose philosophy tended to focus on the understanding of a capitalist society, he aimed to create a materialist analysis, being a historical account, which examines the means in which humans collectively produce the necessities for life. Class- One of the main focuses of Marx’s ideology was classRead MoreMarxism Is Based On The Social Theories Of Karl Marx And Friederich Engels1445 Words   |  6 PagesMarxism is based on the social theories of Karl Marx and Friederich Engels and has evolved and adapted to take into account the way that society functions today. It states that social change is determined by the economy and describes the relationship and the conflict between the ruling class (the Bourgeoisie) and the working class (the Proletariat). Marxism describes how society is biased purely to benefit of the ruling class and examines the exploitation of the working class. There are lots ofRead MoreKarl Marx And Its Impact On Society1306 Words   |  6 Pagesand services. Karl Marx believed in a utopian society where there isn’t a private ownership of production, where the state owns the means of production and the society would be classless. Although Marx did not believe in religion, parts of his theory can compare to certain ideas in the Bible. However, the eventual Communism that Marxism led to does not agree with God’s word. Influences of Marxism Karl Marx was born into a Jewish family in Trier, Germany in the year 1818. When Marx was a child, hisRead MoreThe Contribution Of Karl Marx Essay1337 Words   |  6 Pagescontribution of Karl Marx to the study of sociology, throughout this essay I will be discussing what Marxism is, how Marxism has affected today’s society as well as academics that did not agree with Marx’s theories. Marxism is the social and economic system based on the theories of Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels. Karl Marx was born in Trier, Germany in 1818, Marx studied law and Berlin University but later changed to philosophy until finally perusing his interest in journalism. When Marx finished hisRead MoreEssay on Biography of Karl Marx787 Words   |  4 PagesKarl Marx is the revolutionary founding father of communism and Marxism, while Niccolo Machiavelli expounded upon the concept of realism through his work The Prince. These two concepts have been the foundations that various countries and governments have tried to utilize in hopes of constructing a utopian society. Karl Marx was born in 1818 in Trier Germany, studying history, philosophy, and law at the universities of Berlin, Jena, and Bonn. Karl Marx did not like the production portion of Capitalism;Read MoreExpository Essay on Left of Karl Marx896 Words   |  4 Pageshighly associated with philosophies of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin. She is remembered for her political contribution to the Caribbean community in Britain. Claudia Jones is depicted as a communist and a feminist in all the metaphors that she is prone to using. In her works, Claudia Jones is inclined to metaphors and theories of prominent theorist Karl Marx. She greatly utilizes the Marx’s theories and ideologies such that, she is referred to as the ‘left of Karl Marx’. Some of the activities that

Thursday, May 7, 2020

Social Intelligence And The Biology Of Leadership

In Social Intelligence and the Biology of Leadership, Boyatzis and Goleman provide the biological evidence that supports their theory that social intelligence is a set of interpersonal competencies that are required in order to be an effective leader. Their support for their theory is derived from research completed by neuroscientists who have determined that the action of certain of neurons in the brain; specifically mirror neurons, spindle cells, and oscillators, show that positive behaviour exhibited by a leader will without doubt be mirrored by subordinates. Boyatzis and Goleman briefly look at the effect gender and stress might have on social intelligence, while also outlining their idea of the seven major qualities of a social intelligent leader. Throughout the article, it is stated that social intelligence is something that not only occurs naturally in select individuals, but with hard work and persistence it may be obtained through changes made to the behaviours of any leader . The recent discovery of mirror neurons was accidently noticed by Italian neuroscientists who were working with monkeys to study certain areas of the brain that operated cognitive movements. Upon this discovery, it was determined that there is an abundance of previously unknown cells within the brain that work to consciously or unconsciously detect emotions of others through their actions and behaviours, which we in turn mirror by mimicking those exact emotions. It is believed that thisShow MoreRelatedFostering Emotional and Social Intelligence in Organizations1410 Words   |  6 PagesEmotional and Social Intelligence in Organizations The concept Emotional and Social intelligence or ESI is no new term; it is the outcome of a research almost 35 years old. Being the product of a multidisciplinary research approach, it is considered a significant tool to examine behavioural competencies and their impact on performance. Social, Personal and Practical Intelligence Philosophers and social scientists have observed 3 types of intelligence: * abstract intelligence, * mechanicalRead MoreAn Article Chronicling The Resurgence Of The Slogan Essay1576 Words   |  7 Pages40 years later, the photo was uncovered from obscurity and posted on a popular feminist Instagram page, causing an influx of printing the phrase onto shirts, sweatshirts, and other pieces of clothing. Many feminists proudly shared their shirts on social media, recontextualizing â€Å"the future is female† to fit their respective agendas. While the phrase is a source of empowerment originally designated for women, I suggest to replace â€Å"female† with â€Å"feminine† to disassociate its meaning from biologicalRead MoreA Reflection On What Makes A Socially Intelligent Leader1427 Words   |  6 PagesIn this paper, I will be writing a final reflection on what makes a socially intelligent leader. This will include a reflection on the article called, â€Å"Social Intelligence and the Biology of Leadership† written by Daniel Goleman and Richard Boyatzis . Additionally, I will identify my personal top ten leader attributes and describe them. Lastly, I will discuss my plan for further self-development to align myself better with my leader attributes. Goleman and Boyatzis write, â€Å"†¦certain things leadersRead MoreMintzberg Schools of Thought1241 Words   |  5 PagesThe internal situation of the organisation is used to match the external environment. Basis Architecture as a metaphor. Contributions Order. Reduced ambiguity. Useful in relatively stable environment Support strong and visionary leadership. The Planning School A formal process A rigorous set of steps are taken, from the analysis situation to the execution of the strategy Gives clear direction. Enables resource allocation. Control The Positioning School An analyticalRead MoreThe Importance Of Management For Ensuring Success1371 Words   |  6 Pagesthey worked individually scattered and also exchange of experiences and knowledge. Team management theories: Tuckman Theory. Tuckman s model explains that as the team develops maturity and ability, relationships establish, and the leader changes leadership style. Beginning with a directing style, moving through coaching, then participating, finishing delegating and almost detached. At this point the team may produce a successor leader and the previous leader can move on to develop a new team. TuckmanRead MoreSocrates s Views On Philosophy1108 Words   |  5 PagesPeloponnesian War. His most influential pupils were philosopher Plato and historian and social commentator Xenophon. Plato was a student of Socrates. He had similar beliefs in multiple leaders. Plato was ruler by philosopher kings (Enlightened Rulers). He founded a school with no tuition that is called an academy. Plato wrote works of Socrates. Plato knows different types of Dialogues. The Republic displayed politics, and social harmony over individual liberty. Plato dedicated his life to transmitting hisRead MoreEvaluation Of The Norris Article And The Textbook Chapters2403 Words   |  10 Pages Action Assignment 1: Post your analysis of the Norris article and the textbook chapters to the Moodle discussion forum LEADERSHIP (Cultivating Leadership Skills). 1. After reading the journal article by Norris, succinctly explain value and impact of the article. The article by Norris is a very valuable piece of literature. It brings today’s leaders up to speed on the importance of people skills, the impact it has on their work and organizational cultures as well as how the leaders can be ableRead MoreWorkshop 5 : What Makes A Good Leader?1796 Words   |  8 Pages Workshop 5: What Makes A Good Leader? Belief must be the foundation for becoming an effective leader. In the book, Strength Based Leadership, Belief is presented as one of the strength characteristics of a leader: People strong in the Belief theme have certain core values that are unchanging. Out of these values emerges a defined purpose for their life pg. 123. A strong set of core values provides the leader with a consistent point of reference and a moral compass. My core values are rooted inRead MoreTen Schools of Thoughts of Strategic Management1641 Words   |  7 Pagesmatched to the external situation of the environment. Basis: Architecture as a metaphor. In short: Fit! Establish fit! Contributions: Order. Reduced ambiguity. Simplicity. Useful in relatively stable environments. It supports strong, visionary leadership. Limitations: Simplification may distort reality. Strategy has many variables and is inherently complex. Bypassing learning. Inflexible. Weak in fast changing environment. There is the risk of resista nce (not-invented-here behavior). Typical / compare:Read MoreGattaca Essay1235 Words   |  5 Pageseugenics was considered a method of preserving and improving the dominant groups in the population. The main person that drove early Eugenics movement was Sir Francis Galton (1880s). Galton studied the upper classes of Britain and correlated that social positions were a direct result of superior genetics. During this time, the concept of genetics was still in its infancy stage. The proponents of eugenics believed that through selective breeding, the human species could direct its own evolution. They

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Definition of Records Management Free Essays

In the past, ‘records management’ was sometimes used to refer only to the management of records which were no longer in everyday use but still needed to be kept – ‘semi-current’ or ‘inactive’ records, often stored in basements or offsite. More modern usage tends to refer to the entire ‘lifecycle’ of records – from the point of creation right through until their eventual disposal. The ISO 15489: 2001 standard defines records management as â€Å"The field of management responsible for the efficient and systematic control of the creation, receipt, maintenance, use and disposition of records, including the processes for capturing and maintaining evidence of and information about business activities and transactions in the form of records†. We will write a custom essay sample on Definition of Records Management or any similar topic only for you Order Now The ISO defines records as â€Å"information created, received, and maintained as evidence and information by an organization or person, in pursuance of legal obligations or in the transaction of business†. The International Council on Archives (ICA) Committee on Electronic Records defines a record as â€Å"a recorded information produced or received in the initiation, conduct or completion of an institutional or individual activity and that comprises content, context and structure sufficient to provide evidence of the activity. † The key word in these definitions is evidence. Put simply, a record can be defined as â€Å"evidence of an event†. Records Management is the storage preservation and retrieval of information in the shortest possible time. MUDD) Records management is very important for the use of storing document this topic was thought in Office Administration. The United States Department of Defence standard DoD 5015. 02-STD defines Records Management as â€Å"The planning, controlling, directing, organizing, training, promoting, and other managerial activities involving the life cycle of information, including creation, maintenance (use, storage, retrieval), an d disposal, regardless of media. â€Å" How to cite Definition of Records Management, Papers

Monday, April 27, 2020

Physical Violence Essay Example

Physical Violence Essay Physical violence is the intentional use of physical force with the potential for causing injury, harm, disability, or death, for example, hitting, shoving, biting, arm twisting, restraint, kicking, or use of a weapon. It also include strangling, slapping, burning, chocking and murder Physical violence is more visible than any other type of domestic violence and is the one mostly reported probably because it is easier to give evidence. It is perpetrated by fathers, mothers, husbands, wives, sons, daughters, in-laws and any other family member that is for one reason or the other dominating the family. Although husbands are notorious for battering their wives, cases of wives meting violent actions against their husbands have been reported. In fact such cases are believed to be more common than reported because many men shy away from reporting such cases first due to the fear of being loved at and secondly because of their superiority complex. This is possibly why some men disappear from their homes never to come back. Those who are brave enough seek divorce in order to liberate themselves from their battering wives. Whether originating from fathers, mothers, husbands, wives, sons, daughters or in-laws, the results are always far reaching as we shall see later in this work. We will write a custom essay sample on Physical Violence specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Physical Violence specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Physical Violence specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Bulimia Cognitive Treatment essays

Bulimia Cognitive Treatment essays Bulimia is a very common eating disorder typically characterized by a person eating large quantities of food then purging usually by vomiting, but also by the use of laxatives diuretics and excessive exercising. The use of cognitive treatment in the treatment of Bulimia is very common and actually very effective. There are several views that I have reviewed in my quest for information on cognitive treatments for Bulimia. People diagnosed with an eating disorder are said to have developed a schematic obsession with body size and eating. The person in question is obsessed with body shape and fatness. They eat a forbidden food and feel bad about doing so. They feel the only way to correct this is to purge the food from their body to rid themselves of the negative feelings. This happens until the person is always feeling this way when they eat and always purging. This occurs as part of the Schema and gives no concern to the physical harm being caused to the person. Everything the person sees and does is a direct link to fatness and their body looking bad until it becomes an all out obsession. Since Bulimia is a learned behavior, using cognition is a great way to correct the behavior. Healthy eating is promoted. Using stimulus control procedures, antecedents of the original abnormal eating patterns are limited. Williamson, Donald A Muller, Stephanie L Reas, Deborah L Thaw, Jean M " Cognitive bias in eating disorders " Behavior Modification 23, no. 4 (Oct 1999). Some things that are used are making the person eat only while sitting at a table no standing while eating Exposure Response Prevention (TERP). ERP is based on the theory that purging produces a reduction of eating-related anxiety; therefore, patients are allowed to eat, but compensatory behaviors are prevented. Anti-depressant medication is recommended along with cognitive treatment or else the outcome may not be ...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

What Everyone Should Know About the Vietnam War

What Everyone Should Know About the Vietnam War The Vietnam War was the prolonged struggle between nationalist forces attempting to unify the country of Vietnam under a communist government and the United States (with the aid of the South Vietnamese) attempting to prevent the spread of communism. Engaged in a war that many viewed as having no way to win, U.S. leaders lost the American publics support for the war. Since the end of the war, the Vietnam War has become a benchmark for what not to do in all future U.S. foreign conflicts. Dates of the Vietnam War: 1959 April 30, 1975 Also Known As: American War in Vietnam, the Vietnam Conflict, Second Indochina War, War Against the Americans to Save the Nation Ho Chi Minh Comes Home There had been fighting in Vietnam for decades before the Vietnam War began. The Vietnamese had suffered under French colonial rule for nearly six decades when Japan invaded portions of Vietnam in 1940. It was in 1941 when Vietnam had two foreign powers occupying them, that communist Vietnamese revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh arrived back in Vietnam after spending 30 years traveling the world. Once Ho was back in Vietnam, he established a headquarters in a cave in northern Vietnam and established the Viet Minh, whose goal was to rid Vietnam of the French and Japanese occupiers. Having gained support for their cause in northern Vietnam, the Viet Minh announced the establishment of an independent Vietnam with a new government called the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on September 2, 1945. The French, however, were not willing to give up their colony so easily and fought back. For years, Ho had tried to court the United States to support him against the French, including supplying the U.S. with military intelligence about the Japanese during World War II. Despite this aid, the United States was fully dedicated to their Cold War foreign policy of containment, which meant preventing the spread of communism. This fear of the spread of communism was heightened by the U.S. domino theory, which stated that if one country in Southeast Asia fell to communism then surrounding countries would also soon fall. To help prevent Vietnam from becoming a communist country, the U.S. decided to help France defeat Ho and his revolutionaries by sending the French military aid in 1950. Soldiers of the French Foreign Legion at Dien Bien Phu in north-west Vietnam, the site of a major battle between the French and the Vietminh in 1954. Ernst Haas/Getty Images France Steps Out, U.S. Steps In In 1954, after suffering a decisive defeat at Dien Bien Phu, the French decided to pull out of Vietnam. At the Geneva Conference of 1954, a number of nations met to determine how the French could peacefully withdraw. The agreement that came out of the conference (called the Geneva Accords) stipulated a cease-fire for the peaceful withdrawal of French forces and the temporary division of Vietnam along the 17th parallel (which split the country into communist North Vietnam and non-communist South Vietnam). In addition, a general democratic election was to be held in 1956 that would reunite the country under one government. The United States refused to agree to the election, fearing the communists might win. With help from the United States, South Vietnam carried out the election only in South Vietnam rather than countrywide. After eliminating most of his rivals, Ngo Dinh Diem was elected. His leadership, however, proved so horrible that he was killed in 1963 during a coup supported by the United States. Since Diem had alienated many South Vietnamese during his tenure, communist sympathizers in South Vietnam established the National Liberation Front (NLF), also known as the Viet Cong, in 1960 to use guerrilla warfare against the South Vietnamese. First U.S. Ground Troops Sent to Vietnam As the fighting between the Viet Cong and the South Vietnamese continued, the U.S. continued to send additional advisers to South Vietnam. When the North Vietnamese fired directly upon two U.S. ships in international waters on August 2 and 4, 1964 (known as the Gulf of Tonkin Incident), Congress responded with the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. This resolution gave the president the authority to escalate U.S. involvement in Vietnam. President Lyndon Johnson used that authority to order the first U.S. ground troops to Vietnam in March 1965. President Johnson Announces Retaliation for Gulf of Tonkin Incident.   Historical/Getty Images Johnsons Plan for Success President Johnsons goal for U.S. involvement in Vietnam was not for the U.S. to win the war, but for U.S. troops to bolster South Vietnams defenses until South Vietnam could take over. By entering the Vietnam War without a goal to win, Johnson set the stage for future public and troop disappointment when the U.S. found themselves in a stalemate with the North Vietnamese and the Viet Cong. From 1965 to 1969, the U.S. was involved in a limited war in Vietnam. Although there were aerial bombings of the North, President Johnson wanted the fighting to be limited to South Vietnam. By limiting the fighting parameters, the U.S. forces would not conduct a serious ground assault into the North to attack the communists directly nor would there be any strong effort to disrupt the Ho Chi Minh Trail (the Viet Congs supply path that ran through Laos and Cambodia). Life in the Jungle U.S. troops fought a jungle war, mostly against the well-supplied Viet Cong. The Viet Cong would attack in ambushes, set up booby traps, and escape through a complex network of underground tunnels. For U.S. forces, even just finding their enemy proved difficult. Since Viet Cong hid in the dense brush, U.S. forces would drop Agent Orange or napalm bombs, which cleared an area by causing the leaves to drop off or to burn away. In every village, U.S. troops had difficulty determining which, if any, villagers were the enemy since even women and children could build booby traps or help house and feed the Viet Cong. U.S. soldiers commonly became frustrated with the fighting conditions in Vietnam. Many suffered from low morale, became angry, and some used drugs. Troops Fighting during the Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War. Bettmann/Getty Images Surprise Attack - The Tet Offensive On January 30, 1968, the North Vietnamese surprised both the U.S. forces and the South Vietnamese by orchestrating a coordinated assault with the Viet Cong to attack about a hundred South Vietnamese cities and towns. Although the U.S. forces and the South Vietnamese army were able to repel the assault known as the  Tet Offensive, this attack proved to Americans that the enemy was stronger and better organized than they had been led to believe. The  Tet Offensive  was a turning point in the war because President Johnson, faced now with an unhappy American public and bad news from his military leaders in Vietnam, decided to no longer escalate the war. Nixons Plan for Peace With Honor In 1969,  Richard Nixon  became the new U.S. president and he had his own plan to end U.S. involvement in Vietnam.   President Nixon  outlined a plan called Vietnamization, which was a process to remove U.S. troops from Vietnam while handing back the fighting to the South Vietnamese. The withdrawal of U.S. troops began in July 1969. To bring a faster end to hostilities, President Nixon also expanded the war into other countries, such as Laos and Cambodia- a move that created thousands of protests, especially on college campuses, back in America. To work toward peace, new peace talks began in Paris on January 25, 1969. When the U.S. had withdrawn most of its troops from Vietnam, the North Vietnamese staged another massive assault, called the  Easter Offensive  (also called the Spring Offensive), on March 30, 1972. North Vietnamese troops crossed over the demilitarized zone (DMZ) at the 17th parallel and invaded South Vietnam. The remaining U.S. forces and the South Vietnamese army fought back. Representatives from the four factions of the Vietnam War meet in Paris to sign a peace agreement. Bettmann/Getty Images The Paris Peace Accords On January 27, 1973, the peace talks in Paris finally succeeded in producing a cease-fire agreement. The last U.S. troops left Vietnam on March 29, 1973, knowing they were leaving a weak South Vietnam who would not be able to withstand another major communist North Vietnam attack. Reunification of Vietnam After the U.S. had withdrawn all its troops, the fighting continued in Vietnam. In early 1975, North Vietnam made another big push south which toppled the South Vietnamese government. South Vietnam officially surrendered to communist North Vietnam on April 30, 1975. On July 2, 1976, Vietnam was reunited as a  communist country, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Saturday, February 15, 2020

Psychosocial interventions and cognitive behavioural therapy. A Case Essay

Psychosocial interventions and cognitive behavioural therapy. A Case Study - Essay Example The death occurred several months ago and Rita has been unable to get past her grief. Rita was personable to all staff and she took the assessments easily. She was assessed to have complicated grief, depression and anxiety. There are several challenges for Rita that as clinicians we will attempt to sort out so that she can receive the medical assistance that she needs. Rita was diagnosed with complicated grief as one of the first "symptoms" of her health needs. There are several issues that come about because of complicated grief. Wagner, Knaevelsrud and Maercker found that when a significant person dies it can leave a spouse with a variety of emotions from a post-traumatic stress situation to increased passion and optimism. They also cite that there is a larger body of evidence that shows complicated grief as a disorder that should be seen as different than depression (Wagner, Knaevelsrud and Maercker 2007: 157). Langner and Maerker argue that complicated grief is a disorder that shows "as a combination of sustained intrusion, avoidance and maladjustment symptoms" (Langner and Maerker 2005 cited in Wagner et. al. 2007: 157). They also suggest that this disorder can be related to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) because it usually is a reaction to having exposure to an event that was stressful. For Rita, the complicated grief is a result of her husbands death which was her traumatic event. His death was not expected when it happened and she was not prepared for it. She may have some responses that are similar to the PTSD symptoms but they do not seem to be the most prevalent in her diagnosis. As the psychiatric nurse part of the mental health team, it is important o notice that grief is always something that happens in life. Most people will have a healthy relationship with grief because they will go through anger ad other emotions naturally. Some may feel that the people who are attempting to help them have ulterior motives. The bereaved may also